Varices are dilated veins in the distal esophagus or proximal stomach caused by elevated pressure in the portal venous system, typically from cirrhosis. The esophagus is the muscular tube that connects your mouth to your stomach. Varices are present in 30 to 40% of patients with compensated cirrhosis and in 60 to 85% of patients with decompensated cirrhosis ( at the time of diagnosis of cirrhosis). They usually occur in people with cirrhosis of the liver. Varices are dilated blood vessels in the esophagus or stomach caused by portal hypertension. Bleeding esophageal varices occur when swollen veins ( varices) in your lower esophagus rupture and bleed. They are most often a consequence of portal hypertension, commonly due to cirrhosis ; people with esophageal varices have a strong tendency to develop bleeding. Sometimes a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunting procedure is needed. Esophageal varices are enlarged or swollen veins that occur on the lining of the esophagus. Treatment is primarily with endoscopic banding and IV octreotide. Esophageal varices ( sometimes spelled esophageal varix, or oesophageal varices) are extremely dilated sub- mucosal veins in the lower third of the esophagus. They cause no symptoms unless they rupture and bleed, which can be life- threatening.
Diagnosis is by upper endoscopy. Varices A type of varicose vein that develops in veins in the linings of the esophagus and upper stomach when these veins fill with blood and swell due to an increase in blood pressure in the portal veins. Varices can be life- threatening if they break open and bleed. Varices kërthizë. Since untreated varices have a significant risk of bleeding, it is important to determine who should undergo screening endoscopy to diagnose varices. They may bleed massively but cause no other symptoms.